Welcome Friends: Ahlan wa sahlan!
Muhammad Asad’s explanation of this Chapter.
Laleh Bakhtiar’s explanation of this Chapter.
'The Enwrapper/ Enveloper’
From Introduction of Yusuf Ali:
“This is a late Surah of early Makkan period, perhaps close in date to S.53. Its subject matter is the contrast between the destinies of the Good and the Evil in the Hereafter---0n the Day when the true balance will be restored: the Signs of God even in this life should remind us of the Day of , for God is good and just, and His creation is for a just Purpose.”
From Introduction of Muhammad Asad:
“REVEALED most probably about the middle of the Mecca period, this surah derives its title from the participial noun al-ghashiyah in the first verse.”
The word 'ghaashiyah' is mentioned twice in the Qur'an, but here it is THE Ghaashiyah, the definite article making it prominent, showing that it is what was intended by all other references to it (HQ 7:41; 10:27; 12:107; 14:50; 29:55; 44:11).
PAGE 592 Arabic Qur’an
- This Chapter begins by asking in conversational tone هل أتاك حديث asking the Messenger/ Listener in this instance whether the news of 'The Enwrapper' has come to 'you' ..
A similar question on 'news/ Hadeeth' has appeared 5 times in the Qur'an. Please put 'Hadeeth' in 'Search.'
Then we find verses 2- 7 mentioning those, on that Day/ at that Time whose faces shall be subdued, toiling and weary as they are conjoined to the searing fire, drinking of a 'scalding' spring (see HQ 55:44), with no food other than bitter-dry thorns which neither nourish nor suffice in suppressing hunger.
After dire Dissuasion, comes Persuasion, as we are told in Verses 8- 10 of Faces blissful on that Day (HQ 83:24), well-pleased in their efforts, in high gardens... after which Verses 11- 16 describe these gardens and we see a scene of relaxation and beauty (see Yusuf Ali's explanation).
- Verses 17- 20 ask about Cognizant Humans, whether they do not contemplate creation around them, inferring that, had they done, so they would have magnified the Creator (from the high clouds to the raising of the Exalted Expanses, to the pitching of Mountain-ranges, to the spreading of the Earth..aren't those sufficient reminders?).
- Verses 21- 22 speak directly to the Messenger in the second person singular telling him:
Therefore: Remind! Indeed you are but a Reminder.
You are not dominant (i) over them.
This absolves the Messenger of whatever results ensue from his efforts, showing him that he would not be able to remind someone who turns away and denies! This is also a warning that such a person would be suffering the Greatest Suffering.
- The Chapter ends with two statements of fact, telling listeners that to 'Us' (God) is their return, and upon 'Us' (God) is their reckoning.
Peace unto all!